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APA Reference Page Example and Formatting Guide

By Saul McLeod, published 2019, updated 2020


The APA reference list is the final page of your paper where all sources you cited in the main text are listed.

365体育登录It should include the full details of all sources you cited in the main text, arranged alphabetically A-Z by author surname.

Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019.

Reference List: Basic Rules
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List references on a new page.

365体育登录 Type “References” as page heading, written in boldface, at the top center of the page.

Use double spacing.

Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

365体育登录 For multiple articles by the same author, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.

365体育登录 Indent second and subsequent lines of each entry (using a hanging indent of 5-7 spaces).

All references in APA end with a full stop except when the reference ends with a URL or a DOI.

APA Reference List Example
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An example of an APA format reference list

Journal Article Reference in APA Format
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Author or authors. The surname is followed by a comma and the first initials.

Year of publication of the article (in parentheses). End with a period.

Article title. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. End with a period.

Capitalize all major words in the title of the journal, followed by a comma.

Italicize365体育登录 journal title and volume number. Do not put a space between in the volue number and the parentheses around the issue number.

365体育登录 Issue number of journal in parentheses (no italics) followed by a comma.

365体育登录 Page range of article. Use an en dash; do not put spaces around the dash. End with a period.

365体育登录 Include a DOI for all workds that have one. Do not put a period after the DOI url.

An example of an APA journal article reference

Book Reference in APA Format
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Author or authors. The surname is followed by a comma and the first initials.

365体育登录 Year of publication of the article (in parentheses). End with a period.

Book title (in italics). Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. End with a period.

Edition (in parentheses), if other than first. Position this after the title but before the period.

Incude the name of the publisher, followed by a period. Do not include the publisher location.

365体育登录 Include a DOI for all workds that have one, regardless of whether you used the online version or print version. Do not put a period after the DOI url.

An example of an APA book reference

Reference for a Chapter in Edited Book in APA Format

365体育登录 Author or authors. The surname is followed by a comma and the first initials.

Year of publication of the article (in parentheses). End with a period.

Title of the book chapter. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. End with a period.

365体育登录 Write the word "In" and the initials and last name (not inverted) of each editor. Use "(Ed.)" for one editor or "(Eds.)" for multiple editors. End with a comma.

Book title (in italics365体育登录). Capitalize only the first letter of the first word. End with a period.

Write "pp." and include the chapter page range (in parentheses). End with a period.

Include a DOI if available. Do not put a period after the DOI url.

An example of an APA book reference

Reference for a Chapter in Edited Book in APA Format

Author or authors. The surname is followed by a comma and the first initials.

365体育登录 Year, Month Day of publication (in parentheses). Use the most exact date possible. End with a period.

Title (in italics365体育登录). End with a period.

Website name. Capitalize all major words. End with a period.

365体育登录 Website URL. Do not put a period after the url.

APA Website Reference Example

McLeod, S. A. (2019, September 29). APA reference page example and formatting guide365体育登录. Simply Psychology. http://morrisonfoto.com/apa-reference-page.html

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